Surrogacy is when a woman carries and gives birth to baby for someone else, usually for a woman unable to carry the child herself.  This is done through advancements in reproductive technology such as artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization/embryo transfer (IVF/ET) and other Advanced Reproductive Technologies (ART) that allow otherwise infertile couples a chance to have children. Due to advances in reproductive technology, couples now have medical means to have children. This technology has been extremely helpful for the LGBTQ+ community and single fathers who otherwise could not have children.